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CBD is a naturally occuring chemical compound in all Cannabis Sativa L plants- which includes cannabis and hemp. While products and results vary, there has been a growing interest in this chemcial compound as many users report a greater sense of calmness, decreased appeitite, improved sleep, and more…
Cannabidiol. Nope, CBD is not an acronym for three words but the abbreviation of the name of the chemical compound. It would actually be even more accurate to say it’s the chemical code for the substance- ya know like H2O is the chemical formula for water. CBD has become the preferred term. But in case you’re curious, cannabidoil is pronounced – ca-nuh-bi-DYE-ol.
CBD is not intoxicating. However it is psychoactive and psychotropic; it causes changes in an individual’s thoughts and behavior as well as alters brain function temporarily. When used properly, it does not get you high.
CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system- helping us to help us maintain homeostasis or balance. CBD affects the body’s endocannabinoid receptors, causing the body to use more of its own naturally produced endocannabinoids to find physiological equilibrium.
CBD is a chemical compound dervied from the cannabis family of plants. Both cannabis and hemp plants yield CBD as it’s one of over 500 chemcical compounds in this type of plant. CBD is one of over a hundred phytocannabinoids in these plants.
In 2018, the Farm Bill removed hemp and hemp seeds from the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) schedule of controlled substances. This bill also authorized the production of hemp. The bill defined hemp derived CBD products with less than 0.3% of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are federally legal.
Over the past few years, hemp dervied CBD products have been made readily available in most states. If products comply with legal policies, they should not induce feeling high. However the CBD market remains largely unregulated. Whereas cannabis is highly regulated in legal states.
Cannabis and CBD products vary in their effects based on their cannabinoid and terpene profiles, and the needs of your endocannabinoid system.
There are four types of CBD you will find on the market including:
• Full spectrum – includes all cannabinoid present in cannabis and hemp plants.
• Broad spectrum – contains all the elements of the plant EXCEPT delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
• Isolate – is only CBD that has been isolated or separated from all the other cannabinoids
• Terpsolate – is CBD mixed with a terpene.
These distinctions are important based on intended use regarding the treatment of certain conditions and drug testing.
Workplace drug screening tests are very common nowadays, and is usually tested through a urine sample. Employers typically are looking for drugs that are reported to impair judgement or motor skills, such as amphetamines and opiates. CBD in itself is not one of the chemicals that employers are testing for, as there are no reports of it negatively impairing an individual.
Employers do screen for cannabis though- with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) being the most prevalent in its chemical makeup. Therefore if you use a CBD product containing THC, it is possible to fail a drug test due to residual amounts of THC in the CBD product.
Not all CBD products that are labeled as pure actually eliminate all traces of THC. CBD companies do not always get their products third-party tested, resulting in misrepresentation of the actual amount of THC present. If you are careful to avoid accidental exposure to THC by consuming CBD products, then you most likely will not fail a drug screening for CBD usage.
CBD is pretty widely well tolerate. However there are some side effects and risk to be aware of. Known side effects of CBD may include dry mouth, headache, diarrhea, dizziness, reduced appetite, drowsiness, nausea, fatigue, and irritability.
Possible health risks include:·
• increase liver damage/deterioration
• gastrointestinal distress; diarrhea, decrease in appetite
• negative chemical interactions with other medications
• excessive drowsiness.
• reduction in brain activity when mixed with alcoholic beverages
Possible health risks from CBD can be caused by:
• using CBD with other medications
• potency of the CBD taken
• how the CBD is being administered (oil, tincture, vaporized, oral, etc)
Be sure to consult a medical profesisonal if you have any concerns regarding side effects and health risks.
CBD is known to have a large range of health benefits because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Here is a list of some of ways that CBD can be helpful for different health issue:
• anxiety relief
• reduce inflammation from neurodegenerative disorders
• pain relief from symptoms caused by neuropathic pain
• help with falling asleep and staying asleep
For more information about how CBD may be beneficial to your health, be sure to consult a medical profesisonal.
Given the recent popularity of CBD products, it might come as a surprise to know that the endocannabinoid System (ECS) is not taught in most medical schools, and many medical professionals remain largely in the dark about cannabis and CBD. A national survey taken in 2017, revealed that 13% of medical schools included medicinal cannabis in their curriculums.
Cannabis related curriculum is required in some states registering medical professionals to certify patients for their medical cannabis programs. However programs are not comprehnsive nor do they provide medical protocols.
Those who have not attended one of the school educating about the ECS or have previously graduated may choose to seek out further education by reading research, taking continuing education classes, and/or consulting with other knowledgeable professionals.
A major misconception about CBD is that it is legal in all 50 states- this is not true. CBD is legal federally but each state can make their own laws regarding CBD. CBD legalization laws vary state by state. CBD remains completely illegal in the following states: Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Be sure to check the laws in your state.
While CBD does not get you high, the does have other effects including:
• sense of calm
• increased sleep
• less stressed-out
• clear minded
• more focused
• less sore
• less inflamed
Result may vary based on products, strains, routes of administration, dosage, and conditions.
Drug-drug interactions occur when two or more drugs are mixed together and are of concern when using CBD. If you mix your regularly prescribed medications with CBD, it may cause you to experience a changed effect of your regularly medication and/or an unexpected side effect. For example, mixing a drug you take to help you sleep (a sedative) and a drug you take for allergies (an antihistamine) can slow your reactions and make driving a car or operating machinery dangerous. Harmful reactions like this can also happen when combining CBD into your routine. Increased associated depressive or suicidal ideation may be experienced with drug-drug interaction with CBD.
Some of the common drug to drug interactions include but not limited to:
• heart rhythm medication
• thyroid medication
• severe seizure medication
• respiratory agents
A way to remember this is if you are not supposed to eat grapefruit you probably shouldn’t consume CBD as they both inhibit the normal enzyme function. If you are concerned about drug-drug interteractions, some information can be found in the MedScape Drug Interaction Checker, and you should consult with a medical professional.
Cannabis and hemp contain hundreds of different chemical compounds including cannabinoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, esters, and more that are thought to work best synergistically together. This interaction has been termed the “entourage effect” and likened to conducting a symphony. One instrument can sounds beautiful alone but together they are magnificent. Combining cannabis and hemp compounds creates a different physical or psychological impact than a single compound on its own.
CBD can be used in an array of different ways as follows:
• oral mucosal ingestion: applying sprays and oils directly to oral mucous membranes sublingually (under the tongue) or distributed around the cheeks or throat to penetrate into the bloodstream and reach the maximum concentration in the plasma in a relatively short time.
• oral administration: not limited only to capsules but also gummys, gum, and other edible products to be passed through the digestive system.
• inhalantion / vaporization: through a vaporizing device, CBD concentrate or hash is heated to the temperature of the active substance release- not combustion- to inhaled vapor, not smoke.
• topical: targeted relief to specific areas of the body by using creams, salves, transdermal patches, etc…
To consume CBD, it needs to be tansformed from plant to concentrate. Therefore it must go through a process to extract the its cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids, and beneficial compounds. To do so, element extraction methods include using solvents like CO2 (supercritical carbon dioxide), ethanol, olive oil, and water. Responsible CBD manufacturers will test their product for degradation, damage, or contamination to ensure that customers receive safe, reliable CBD extractions.
CBD is bipahsic- meaning lower doses tend to produce an anxiolytic or calming effect and higher doses produce an anxiogenic-like or energizing effect. It’s best to start with a low dosage and slowly titrate up until you find the amount that’s best to treat your symptoms.